The process of reading is complicated. It requires our brains to connect letters to sounds, put those sounds in the right order, compare these sounds to previously learned words, and pull the words together into sentences and paragraphs we can read and comprehend.
People with dyslexia have trouble matching the letters they see on the page with the sounds those letters and combinations of letters make. There are three subtypes of Dyslexia (Dyseidesia, Dysphonesia and Dysnemkinesia) and a Dyslexic individual can have a combination of subtypes.
Dyslexic individuals struggle to read fluently, spell words correctly and learn a second language, among other challenges. But these difficulties have no connection to their overall intelligence. While people with dyslexia are slow readers, they often, paradoxically, are very fast and creative thinkers with strong reasoning abilities.
Dyslexia is also very common, affecting 20 percent of the population and representing 80– 90 percent of all those with learning disabilities. Scientific research shows differences in brain connectivity between dyslexic and typical reading children, providing a neurological basis for why reading fluently is a struggle for those with dyslexia.
Dyslexia cannot be “cured” – it is lifelong. But with the right support, dyslexic individuals can become highly successful students and adults.
Symptoms of Dyslexia:
- Reading well below the expected level for age
- Difficulty finding the right word or forming answers to questions
- Problems remembering the sequence of things
- Difficulty seeing (and occasionally hearing) similarities and differences in letters and words
- Inability to sound out the pronunciation of an unfamiliar word
- Difficulty spelling
- Struggling to complete tests or tasks that involve reading
- Avoiding activities that involve reading
Elizma has done extensive training with the Stark Griffen Dyslexia Academy (SGDA) and is a registered Dyslexia Professional. Contact us to schedule an evaluation.